Helenium autumnale (Sneezeweed)

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 510.

Where Commonly Found: Meadow, fields, wetlands and shores of rivers or lakes, CT, ME, MA, RI, VT (extremely rare in VT)
How to Identify:
(For unfamiliar words: Wikipedia Glossary of Botanical Terms).
Go Botany Key to Helenium autumnale,
ID photos on Missouri Botanical Garden website.
Flower Type:  Daisy-like, drooping, wedge-shaped golden, shining flower rays with broad 3-toothed tips.  Center disk is knob-shaped with disk flowers.  Flower time is mid August – late September.
Leaf Arrangement: 
Alternate with one leaf per node.
Leaf Type:
Simple, 1.5″ – 6″, alternate, lance-shaped with wings extending down the stem.
Seed Collection:  Collect seed heads when ripe, dry in a paper bag or envelope in a cool, dry place until dry.

Attracts:  Bees, Butterflies
Use:  Garden, Rain Garden
Light:  Full Sun
Hardiness Zone:  3 to 8  USDA Zone Map
Soils:  Moist to Wet
Height:  3′-5′
Notes:  A clump forming large, statuesque perennial attractive to bees and butterflies.  Late valuable flowers for pollinators.  May need staking.
Native to all of US, except, strangely NH:   Biota of North America Program (BONAP) – North American Plant Atlas (NAPA).


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