Zizia aurea (Golden Zizia or Golden Alexander)

Where Commonly Found:  Floodplains, forests, meadows, fields, shores of rivers and lakes.  CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT.
How to Identify:
(For unfamiliar words: Wikipedia Glossary of Botanical Terms).
Go Botany Key for Zizia aurea.
Missouri Botanical Garden’s description of Zizia aurea.  Click on more images.
Flower Type:  Slightly rounded compound umbels of yellow flowers at the ends of upper stems, 2″ – 3″ across with approximately 12 umbellets and 21 flowers in each umbellets.  The central flower is sessile (or almost so) during blooming.  Each flower is about /8″ across with 5 incurved petals and 5 stamens.  Generally no scent.
Flower Time:  May to June
Leaf Arrangement:  Compound leaves, alternate becoming shorter upward along main central stem with occasional lateral stems.
Leaf Type:  Medium green, compound leaves, hairless and odd-pinnate with 3 or 5 leaflets.  The variable leaflets are up to 3: long and 2″ across, lanceolate, ovate, cordate or broadly oblong with serrated margins.  Larger leaflets may have 1 -2 cleft lobes.
Height: 1.5′ – 3′
Seed Collection:  The seeds are flattened and oblong with many light colored longitudinal ridges.  Seeds are ripe when fruit splits and the single seeds are brown.

Attracts:  Bees and Butterflies
Use:  Naturalizing
Light:  Full Sun to Part Sun
Hardiness Zone:  3 to 8    USDA Zone Map
Soils:  Moist
Notes:   Zizia aurea (Golden Zizia) is a short-lived but self-seeding beauty, that supports unique, showy chartreuse/yellow umbels attractive to bees and many beneficial insects.
Native to Eastern, Southern, Midwestern US:  Biota of North America Program (BONAP) – North American Plant Atlas (NAPA).

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