Solidago caesia (Blue-Stem Goldenrod)

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 382.


Where Commonly Found:  Forests, woodlands and their edges, occasionally wetlands, CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT.
How to Identify: 
(For unfamiliar words: Wikipedia Glossary of Botanical Terms).
Go Botany Key to Solidago caesia.
Missouri Botanical Garden webpage for Solidago caesia.
Flower Type:  Golden flowerheads appear at the axils of the middle to upper leaves in August to September, in clusters of 1 – 12 and sometimes at the end of the central stem as a panicle of flowerheads up to 3″ long by 1-1/2″ across.  Each flowerhead is 1/8″ across with 4-5 ray florets and light to medium green glabrous, oblong bracts.
Leaf Arrangement: 
Alternate leaves along circular, glabrous, light green when young to blue-gray or burgundy grey, central and some lateral stems, which tend to arch over.
Leaf Type:  5″ long by 3/4″ across becoming smaller up the stem, medium to dark green, elliptical-oblong to elliptic, smooth to serrate, hairless to sessile with a strong central vein with faint lateral veins.
Height:  1.5′ – 3′
Seed Collection:  Bullet shaped, tiny (dust like), finely pubescent achene, each with a small tuft of hair enabling wind distribution, develop from each flower.  Collect when the seed at the top of the stem has dried and begin to fluff, strip from stem.

Attracts:  Bees, Birds
Use:  Garden, Rain Garden
Light:  Full Sun to Part Shade
Hardiness Zone:  4 to 8  USDA Zone Map
Soils:  Dry to Medium
Notes:  Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod is a non-aggressive adaptable goldenrod forming clumps as a nice addition to a pollinator garden as a late nectar source.
Native to Northeast, Midwest and South:  Biota of North America Program (BONAP) – North America Plant Atlas (NAPA). 

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